Last week I started this new write-up thread discussing the basics of natural hair. The last post NAPPY 101- Natural Hair Basics defines natural hair as well as the benefit of going natural. Now I will be writing about the different classes of natural hair as simply as I can be. This post is for the benefit of new and upcoming naturalistas or even old naturalistas who aren’t so clear on this subject.
Natural hair can be classified based on the texture and curl pattern it possesses in its natural state. After much research, I present to you my summary:
Major Types– based on the curl pattern.
TYPE 1- straight hair
TYPE 2- Wavy (to curly) hair
TYPE 3- Curly (to kinky) hair
TYPE 4- Kinky (to Coily) hair
Sub-Types– based on the diameter of the curl.
Type A- Fine texture
Type B- Medium texture
Type C- Coarse texture
|• Difficult to style.
• Don’t hold a curl well.
• Bone straight hair.
|• Like 1A but with fuller strands with a slight bend at the ends, like false- curls.
• Hard to curl.
|• Hard to curl. (i.e. bone straight)
• Primarily straight with a few waves hiding in the underbrush.
• Super thick
• Prone to frizz.
• Can hold curls very well.
|• “S” wave that sticks close to the head.
• Fine hair.
• Have a natural sheen but not like type 1 hair.
• Usually lack volume and definition.
• Easily straightened or curled.
|• “S” like Type 2a, but closer to the head.
• Slightly frizzier on the crown of the head
• Tends to lose curl definition easily.
|• Coarsest of the type 2 series with a few more actual curls.
• More resistant to styling.
• Frizzes easily.
• Loses curl definition more easily.
(Curly Loose Curls)
|• Well-defined loopy “S” pattern the size of a sidewalk-chalk.
• Curls are springy.
• Has a lot of body
• Easily styled in its natural state or straightened.
• Soft and very fine.
• Prone to frizz.
|• Bouncy ringlets to tight corkscrews curls.
• Sharpie size of curls.
(Tight Curls or Corkscrews)
|• Type 3c hair has tight corkscrews curls.
• Curl size: Pencil or straw.
• The curls are either kinky, or very tightly curled, with lots and lots of strands densely packed together.
• Difficult to straighten than 3a or 3b.
• The very tight curls are usually fine in texture.
|• Tightly coiled hair, forms a perfect cylinder and springy.
• “S” pattern, much like curly hair, when stretched.
• Has most moisture in the type 4 series.
• Has a definite curl pattern.
• Only type 4 hair that falls down.
• Curl diameter of a crotchet needle.
|• “Z” or zigzag tight crimpy curl pattern.
• Less of a defined curl pattern especially at the ends than at the bottom.
• Feels like cotton.
|• Similar to 4B but with little or no curl pattern/definition.
• Shrinks up to 75% of the actual hair length.
• Has combination texture ranging from fine/thin to wiry to coarse.
Worthy of Note
Order of increasing sheen, moisture and resistance to damage
Order of increasing body/ density, fizziness and resistance to styling
- The oiliness of straight hair is as a result of the presence of its natural sebum which extends to the ends without the interference of curls or kinks.
- Type 4 hair is quite fine, generally very fragile and densely packed.
- Most people have combination hair types.
….. And More Pictorial Illustrations for Hair Type Chart
EVERY HAIR TYPE IS UNIQUE IN ITS OWN WAY.
NONE IS SUPERIOR TO THE OTHER.
Was the post explanatory enough? Do you have any other question based on this post? I would appreciate your feedback in the comment section below.
How best can I correctly determine MY hair type? My next post on this thread will address this.
As part of my HaiResolutions for 2017, I will be doing a weekly update of my hair journal. These posts will be tagged as ‘My Hair Journal Series’. As always it is always my pleasure to have your opinions on any of my posts. Kindly like, share, re-blog and comment whenever. You can also follow me here or on any of my social media platforms.
Like every other adventure, during our natural hair journey, we stumble on many different products, write-ups and ideas on how to maintain a healthy natural hair. Because our hairs are different, many of these products, tips, and ideas may not work in the same way as the person who recommended it or in the way we think they would. Conversely, our hair may love some of the treatments we give to it. There may also be changes in our hair which may result into changes in our hair care routine. Some products and routine treatment our hair loves may suddenly stop working.
It is important that we keep track of every care routine, treatment, products and changes to our hair. These will help us know how well our hair is doing. We need to discard those treatments that are not beneficial to us. The journal should just be a summary of everything.
Based on recommendations by curlcentric, I created a basic journal which I will be using as my template. As time goes by, I will tweak the template a bit. Do you already have a journal? If yes, please tell us how you did it so we can all learn from it.
See you on monday when I will post my first update for January 2-8, 2017.
Inhale….. Exhale…… while your nappy hair speak.
PS: I suggest we do a length and volume checks at the beginning. I did not though but its better late than never.
It is the month of January here in Nigeria, characterized by the harmattan or ‘brown winter’ season. There is the cold in the early and late hours of the day and heat in the afternoon. We have to deal with the extremely dry desert-like air that hovers over the region air. I for one love this season except for the dust, dry skin, lips and of course my hair.
If not properly maintained, our hair will experience lots of breakage because of the low humidity. There is a massive loss of moisture from our hair to the atmosphere and thereby make our hair feel like sponge. But not too worry friends, let me share with you some of the things I learnt during my search for an antidote against the dryness.
We are all familiar with using vaseline and oils on our skin to prevent dryness or whiteness on our skin. In the same way, what you hair needs this period is: MOISTURE. Whatever routine we choose to adopt should be one that encourages moisture. Here are some of the ways I will be maintaining my hair this season.
- Diet– ‘we are what we take in’. Hence our diet is reflected in our hair. Drinking lots of water, at least 8 cups per day, is highly recommended. Eating lots of fruits and vegetables can supply the hair with the necessary vitamins and minerals it needs for healthy growth.
- Washing and conditioning– Shampoos tend to dry out the hair. So for this period, I will be sticking with just conditioning washing popularly called co-washing. It helps moisturize dry hair without stripping away the natural oils our hair, defines curl pattern, softens hair while Restoring natural oils and eliminating chemicals left by shampoo. It is also important we deep moisturizing conditioning every week when we are not on protective styles. Simple treatments like hot oils which encourage moisture penetrating the hair follicle is also advisable.
- Leave-ins, oils and sealants– During this period, we should try as much as possible not to miss out on daily conditioning, moisturizing and sealants. My go to coconut, almond, castor, olive and tea tree oil mixture, which by the way I have been using for my skin for a little over 1 year now, is what i use as my daily moisturizer. I seal with Shea butter. some people opt for heavier sealant, leave-ins and moisture but I prefer to move around with my DIY moisturizing spritz containing just water, glycerin and some oils of choice for extra moisture when my hair feels dry during the day.
- Protective styling (PS)– More than ever before, we should engage in more protective styles as this protects our edges and tips. Weaves, braids and wigs are different ways to do PS. Please ensure yo do hot oil/prepoo treatment, detangle, wash, DC and moisturize hair properly a day before installing weaves as well as occasional to up moisturizing. Treat wigs like you treat your hair in this weather.
- Scarving– If you are lazy just like me when it comes to doing PS, then this is for you. Please stick to the satin and silk scarves as they do0 not absorb the moisture from the hair. If I choose not to use scarf, I just do a simple sort of PS style for the week that does not require daily manipulations. I also ensure my tips are properly tucked in.
You can check the recipe categories for more cheap and easy DIYs.
More tips?? please share…..
Exhale… Inhale…..Let your nappy hair speak even in this BROWN WINTER.
Today I will be writing about my the products I currently use on 4c my hair and what guides my decision when making a choice of the product to purchase.
During those early days when I was ‘finding my hair’, I came across different natural hair products and realized that making a choice from these numerous product lines was not going to be funny. Sometimes, I realized that a particular product wasn’t for my hair or hair type only after spending a lot in purchasing that item. And where it hurts most is having to give such product away or in some cases, trash the it. And then the fussy search for products becomes cyclic.
In this recession age when there is no time and money to waste… 😉 I came up with checklist of things-to-do before purchasing any hair product.
- Check the ingredient: There are some ingredients that are complete NO-NOs for naturalistas. So anytime you see ingredients such as parabens, sulfates, silicones, some alcohols and mineral oil, my sisters and brothers, please say NO. I will do a more explicit post on that. On the other hand, water (or aqua) should be the first or one of the first four products.
- Check Reviews: visit the internet to see what people are saying about the product in question. While some people are reserved when commenting, others dish out the real deal. One thing to note is that natural hair products are not a ‘one size fits all’ thingy. What works for one might not work for you. However, you can get a general picture whether a product can or cannot do what it claims to do.
- Test Trial: I don’t get to do this. all the time though. But if you have a fellow naturalista, preferably someone with same hair type as yours, you can try out his/her products to see if it works for you.
Please note that this does not guarantee that you will always get what you want. But I can assure you that a higher percentage of all purchases will give you what you desire IF YOU ARE NOT TOTALLY SUBJECTIVE.
Here is a list of the products I currently use. I don’t get 100% percent satisfaction from all of them at the moment but they still work fine for my hair. When I make any change I will update you and probably do a review.
||My DIY liquid black soap and Cantu complete conditioning co-wash
| Rinse out conditioning
||Cantu moisturizing conditioner and my DIY (moisturizing and protein) conditioners
| Leave-in conditioning
||Cantu shea butter leave-in conditioning repair cream, Fruit of the earth 100% aloe vera gel and my DIY leave-in conditioner.
| Daily moisturizer and sealant
|| Water, my DIY oil mixture, Shea butter
|| Oils: Kuza JBCO, argan oil, locally made coconut oil, almond oil, Goya extra virgin olive oil, tea tree and lavender oil.
|| Eco styler gel and Shea moisture curl enhancing smoothie, apple cider vinegar
So there you have it!!! My most updated natural hair products. What is your hair type ? What products do you use and what effect does it have on your hair? What steps do you take before buying a product?
In my next post, I will be telling you about my DIY hair products. And until then..
Inhale… Exhale…. while your nappy hair do the talking.